Kevin F. Kelly, bookseller ††† phone: (646) 895-9858 ††† books@kevinkellybookseller.com

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1. The History of Fair Rosamond. Philadelphia: Printed for the Booksellers, 1828. (#kfk93) $225.00

2. [Civil War.] [Ezra Mundy Hunt]. About the War. Plain Words to Plain People by a Plain Man. Philadelphia: Printed for Gratuitous Distribution, 1863. Octavo, 16pp. Original printed wrappers. Near fine. (#kfk96) $45.00

3. Cooper, J. Fennimore. The American Democrat, or Hints on the Social and Civic Relations of the United States of America. Cooperstown: H. & E. Phinney, 1838. Octavo. Original cloth with paper label on spine. Head frayed, very good.
First edtion, quite scarce. BAL 3880; Howes C-745; Sabin 16412; Spiller and Blackburn 25. (#kfk117) $1,500.00

4. [Cuba]. La RŽpublique de Cuba. Bruxelles: Imprimerie Odry-Mommens (Soc. An), 1926. Octavo. 24pp. Original wrappers, with Cuban flag printed in color. Fine. (#kfk45) $50.00

5. Hill, Mrs. Anne. Drawing Book of Flowers and Fruit: with Beautifully colored illustrations; for the use of seminaries, private pupils and amateurs. Philadelphia: Edward C. Biddle, 1844. First edition. Oblong 4to. Original cloth stamped in blind and gilt on front cover, red leater gilt ruled spine. 17 (of 18, lacking the penultimate plate) lithographed plates, several hand colored. Very good. Inquire for photos, detailed condition.
Only edition(?) A very scarce American colorplate book, OCLC locates three copies (Fordham, Yale, Georgia College and State University). (#kfk100) $2,500.00

6. James Madison & James Monroe. Document Signed as President and as Secretary of State. Signed War of 1812 PrivateerÕs Commission. Washington, November 13, 1812.
"I have Commissioned... the private armed Schooner called the Rossie...mounting five carriage guns and navigated by Thirty five men... to subdue, seize and take any armed or unarmed British vessel, public or private... to bring within some port of the United States...".The use of private vessels as ships of war proved necessary for the United States both during the Revolution and again during the War of 1812 due to the weakness of the navy. Although these armed private merchant vessels often subordinated warfare in favor of trade, they managed to attack and seize over 1000 British ships between 1812 and 1815. (#kfk172) $4,250.00

7. Jefferson, Thomas. Autograph Letter Signed, as President, to Joseph H. Nicholson; Relating to the War with the Barbary Pirates. During a lull in the Tripolitan War (1801-1805), Thomas Jefferson assures Maryland Congressman Joseph Nicholson that he expects no expansion of hostilities, and is reducing AmericaÕs naval force in the Mediterranean. Washington DC, February 23, 1803. One page signed. ALS.
Congressman Nicholson, a Republican floor leader in the House, had written Jefferson the day before, alerting him to possible problems in passing "the Bill to reduce the Marine Corps" if it seemed that American forces would be stationed off North Africa for extended periods. Jefferson assures him he expects no expansion of hostilities, in spite of the bluster from the Barbary potentates. As Jefferson notes, this letter is in keeping with his message to Congress in which he told them that ships in the Mediterranean would be reinforced "only in a moment when war with other powers was expected." Diplomatic efforts with the corsairs of North Africa had commenced in 1795 when the United States signed a treaty with Algiers in order to insure safe passage of U.S. ships through the Mediterranean. Even after the Treaty of Algiers, piracy continued to be a major danger for American ships. The 1795 treaty provided the Dey of Algiers with a million dollars in ransom for American captives and promised an annual tribute. Although lessened, piracy was not eradicated. When Jefferson became president in 1801, the Pasha of Tripoli demanded a new payment of $225,000. Jefferson refused, hoping to inaugurate a new era in Mediterranean diplomacy, but war broke out soon after. For two years, the United States Navy went unchallenged, with eight U.S. ships blockading Barbary ports and executing raids. By February 1803, Jefferson felt able to report to Nicholson that the conflict would be limited. He ordered three frigates homeward. His optimism was misguided, however. In October, the Barbary Pirates seized the USS Philadelphia and its crew, and planned to use the ship to attack other American vessels. A year later the USS Intrepid was destroyed. In 1805, U.S. Marines executed a daring land raid on the Tripolitan city of Derna, memorialized in the "Marine Hymn." The Philadelphia captives were ransomed for $60,000, treaties were signed and broken, and fighting continued intermittently until Commodore Stephen DecaturÕs decisive victory in 1815, which finally ended the threat of the Barbary Pirates. This letter also has great importance because it reveals JeffersonÕs fear of another threat. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson condemned King GeorgeÕs attempts to "render the military independent of and superior to the civil power." After defeating John Adams and the Federalists in the electoral "revolution of 1800," one of JeffersonÕs first actions was to dismantle the Provisional Army authorized in 1798 during the war scare with France. The crux of JeffersonÕs argument, expressed here to Nicholson, is that the U.S. government could not afford to maintain "all the force which might be necessary in the worst state of things" in relation to the Barbary States, or to any foreign power. Like many of the revolutionary generation, Jefferson was committed to the positive ideal of the citizen militia turning out temporarily in cases of national emergency. He was, conversely, opposed to the idea of a permanent "standing army." Jefferson saw standing armies as emblematic of oppressive European governments Ð they tended to bust budgets, produce a baneful influence in politics, and worse, to deprive citizens of their liberties. Letters by Jefferson on the Barbary Pirates are extremely rare. (#kfk170) $50,000.00

8. Jefferson, Thomas. Document signed. Congressional Act authorizing tribute payments to the Barbary Pirates, which would be paid for through funds from the infamous Excise or "Whiskey" Tax. Philadelphia, March 3, 1791. Document Signed, as Secretary of State. One page. Partial Transcript: "Appropriation...for the purpose of effecting a recognition of the treaty of the United States, with the new Emperor of Morocco, there be, and hereby is appropriated a sum not exceeding twenty thousand dollars, to be paid out of the monies which prior to the first of January next, shall arise from the duties imposed upon spirits distilled within the United StatesÉAnd the President is hereby authorized to take on loan, the whole sum by this act appropriated...at an interest not exceeding six percent per annum..."
Jefferson opposed paying tribute to the sultans of the Barbary states--they were essentially bribes for permitting American ships to pass through their Mediterranean ports. But all other nations paid these "duties" as a cost of doing business in the region, and President Washington and Congress decided to do so as well. Here the Congressional lawmakers describe the payment destined for a sultan's purse in suitably decorous language. After Jefferson became President in 1801Ñand after the Tripoli sultan decided he needed a larger "appropriation"ÑJefferson decided to end this practice (at least in the case of Tripoli) through force of arms. Interestingly, the Act provisions money for the tributes to come from Alexander HamiltonÕs infamous Excise Act, or "Whiskey Tax," which gave rise to the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794. The assumption of state revolutionary war debts forced the federal government to find new sources of revenue. Thus, Congress passed one of the most controversial tax measures in American history. The Excise Act imposed duties not only on imported spirits, but also on those produced domestically. Passage of the act immediately stirred resentments among western residents who depended on whiskey for income. Whiskey provided the most efficient means to process their harvests into an easily transportable commodity and was even used as a currency. Riots against collection of the tax broke out in western Pennsylvania in 1794. President Washington called up 12,000 troops, but there was no significant violence and the rebels were quickly dispersed. Although Jefferson signed this document in his role as Secretary of State, he was vehemently against the "Whiskey Tax" and paying bribes to the Barbary Pirates. This act also authorized the President to take on loans under the new national bank. (#kfk169) $25,000.00

9. [Lincoln, Abraham]. Madison, Lucy Foster. Frank E. Schoonover, illustrator. Lincoln. New York: The Hampton Publishing Company, [1928]. Large octavo. Original brick red cloth, lettered in gilt, cover with a mounted color portrait of Lincoln. About fine. (#kfk65) $75.00

10. Livingston, Robert R. Autograph Letter Signed, to Vice President Elbridge Gerry. Advocating a more forceful response to British attacks against American shipping, particularly the "Chesapeake Affair," which occurred two weeks prior to this.
"What will be the consequence of the last outrage upon our national flagg?" Clermont, July 3, 1807. Partial Transcript: "I received at New York your favor & enclose a letter for Mrs. Blake which I hope she will receive before she sails. She may depend upon every attention from both Mr and Mrs Armstrong during her stay in France. What will be the consequence of the last outrage upon our national flagg? I very much fear that though our ministers have been instructed to speak decisively on former occasions they have been too delicate in following their instructions. The affair of Cambria was by no means in my opinion followed up with the spirit with which it should have been. And the trial of [Wilbry?] by a court marshal, instead of a special maritime court as the laws of England direct where a person is charged with murder committed on the high seas, was a mere mockery. The rewards that have attended every insult offered to us by the capt. of ships of war, can not but encourage them to heap one upon the others, as the best and cheapest means of prefermentÉ"
On June 21, 1807, the British warship H.M.S. Leopard fired upon the U.S.S. Chesapeake off the Virginia coastline. Three Americans died and 18 were wounded. British officers boarded the Chesapeake and impressed four seamen. As is apparent from this letter, Livingston shared the outrage of the Jefferson administration. In December, President Jefferson responded with the fateful Embargo Act, prohibiting all Americans from trading with Britain and France, both of which violated the rights of neutral shipping. Interestingly, one month after this letter, on August 9, Robert Fulton first tested the Clermont (the first viable steamboat, partially bankrolled by Livingston) in the East River. Robert R. Livingston (1746-1813) was a member of the Continental Congress, and one of the committee of five who drew up the Declaration of Independence. Under the Articles of Confederation, he was appointed the first Secretary of Foreign Affairs, serving until 1783, when he became Chancellor of the State of New York. An advocate of the Federal Constitution, Livingston served as a delegate to New YorkÕs ratifying convention in 1788, and a year later administered the oath of office to George Washington. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson appointed Livingston resident minister at the court of Napoleon, where he subsequently negotiated the Louisiana Purchase. He was an innovative gentleman farmer in the Hudson Valley, and funded Robert FultonÕs construction of the first commercially successful steamboat, the Clermont, in 1807. Livingston had been succeeded as Minister Plenipotentiary to Napoleon by his brother-in-law, John Armstrong, Jr. (#kfk171) $1,800.00

11. Madison, James. Letter Signed as Secretary of State, to James L. Cathcart. Department of State. As War with Tripoli Heats Up, Madison Orders Special Envoy to Stay in Mediterranean. [Washington], June 11, 1804. 2 pp., with integral address leaf.
President Jefferson and Secretary of State Madison faced an immediate crisis in the Mediterranean upon assuming office in 1801. James Cathcart had been special envoy to Tripoli for several years under President Adams. In 1801, Yusuf KaramanliÑthe Pasha of TripoliÑdemanded $225,000 tribute from Catchart up front and $25,000 annually. Through Cathcart, Jefferson expressed his desire for a permanent change in policy away from tributes and toward military intervention if Tripoli continued to prey on American commercial vessels. He reacted with righteous anger at BashawÕs ultimatum. "I know that nothing will stop the eternal increase from these pirates but the presence of an armed force." Despite his previous opposition to the creation of a permanent navy, Jefferson dispatched a squadron to Tripoli, reasoning that this step would be cheaper than fulfilling the exorbitant tribute demands. Madison instructed Catchart "to stifle every pretension É that the United States will É make the smallest contribution to [the bashaw] as the price of peace." Jefferson did not ask Congress for a declaration of war, however. Despite JeffersonÕs public letter to the Bashaw offering "assurances of friendship," and insisting that the U.S. force was only a "squadron of observation," Tripoli declared war on the U.S. later in 1801. Commodore Richard DaleÕs squadron achieved an early victory when Lieutenant Andrew Sterrett and his Enterprise destroyed the pirate ship Tripoli. Because of the absence of a formal Congressional declaration of war, Sterrett did not take the Tripoli as a prize, instead throwing its guns overboard and allowing the combatants to go free. The U.S. did follow up on the victory by establishing a blockade, but neither Dale nor his successorsÑCommodores Richard Morris and Edward PrebleÑsucceeded in completely closing Tripoli off from the outside world. Jefferson soon became embroiled in a political crisis with fiscal conservatives in his own party over the rising costs of the war with Tripoli. At a heated cabinet meeting, Jefferson asked, "Shall we buy peace of Tripoli?" According to historian Frank Lambert, they were unanimous in voting yes, but two assented qualifiedly: "[Albert] Gallatin, [Henry] Dearborn, and [Levi] Lincoln thought the United States should pay both a gross sum up front and an annual tribute and secure a peace treaty immediately. Madison and [Robert] Smith objected to paying tribute, though they thought it would be necessary to promise the renewal of presents from time to time." Jefferson decided to try the carrot and stick approach: Cathcart was empowered to offer tribute by way of a peace treaty, but Preble was ordered to establish a tighter blockade of Tripoli harbor by using smaller, faster gunboats. But a new crisis commenced before the new gunboats arrived. In Otober 1803, the U.S.S. Philadelphia ran aground while on blockade patrol. After a brief action, a Tripolitan naval force took the Philadelphia, imprisoned Captain William Bainbridge and his crew, and turned its guns against the other American ships. Lieutenant Stephen Decatur became the first genuine American hero since the Revolutionary War when, in command of a small force of marines, he assaulted and torched the Philadelphia on February 16, 1804. While the Philadelphia crewmen still languished in Tripolitan prisons, Jefferson and Madison encouraged Preble, and then Commodore Samuel Barron, to escalate their attacks. In fact, while Barron was on his way to reinforce the American squadron in the Mediterranean, with this letter to Cathcart, Commodore Preble was hammering the enemy fleet and harbor fortifications in Tripoli. The breakthrough came on land, however. Barron was given separate instructions to empower ex-army captain William Eaton to lead a force of U.S. Marines and Arab and Greek mercenaries to operate in the North African interior and encourage opposition to the reigning Pasha within Tripoli. EatonÕs force surprised the city of Derna from the rear, an event memorialized in the Marine hymn, "To the Shores of Tripoli." Diplomat Tobias Lear finally hammered out a treaty with Tripoli on June 10, 1805, by which America agreed to pay a ransom of $60,000 to secure release of prisoners of war. Lear, George WashingtonÕs former secretary, may have been one of the "gentlemen" acquainted "with Barbary affairs." As Lear himself put it when negotiating with the Pasha, the U.S. would pay a one-time ransom "but not a cent for peace," a perfect reflection of JeffersonÕs ideal. Despite the new treaty, fighting with the Barbary States continued intermittently until Commodore DecaturÕs decisive victory in 1815. Decatur captured two Algerian ships and forced the Dey of Algiers to submit to a new treaty. When he brought his nine-ship squadron to bay in Tunis and Tripoli later that year, he forced their leaders to submit to American demands, and ended the age-old Barbary practice of exacting tributes for safe passage through the Mediterranean. References: Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World (New York, 2005), 123-155. (#kfk173) $7,500.00

12. [Marcus Aurelius] George Long, translator. The Thoughts of the Emperor M. Aurelius Antonius. Translated by George Long. Second Edition. Revised and Corrected. London: George Bell and Sons, 1875. Octavo. Original blue cloth decorated in blind and lettered in gilt on the spine. Spine just sunned, still a fine copy.
This edition includes a note facing the title in which George Long chides an unnamed American publisher for pirating the text and suggests he would dedicate the book to the leader of the Confederate Army and the Virginian soldier. (#kfk64) $50.00

13. Paulding, Lieut. Hiram. Journal of a Cruise of the United States Schooner Dolphin, among the Islands of the Pacific Ocean; and a visit to the Mulgrave Islands, in pursuit of the Mutineers of the Whaleship Globe. New York: G. & C. & H. Carvill., 1831. First edition. Duodecimo. Folding lithograph frontispiece map. Twentieth Century 3/4 speckled calf over marbled boards, red label. Small lower corner stain affecting final twenty pages.
A nice copy, with clipped signatures of Percival and Paulding pasted to the front and rear free endpapers. The schooner Dolphin, under the command of "Mad Jack" Percival, was sent to the Pacific to rescue survivors of the incredibly gory mutiny aboard the Nantucket whaleship Globe. After stopping in the Galapagos, the Marquesas and the Gilberts, the Dolphin made its way to Mili, where Lieut. Hiram Paulding rescued William Lay and Cyrus Hussey, the only two survivors of the crew. On the return home, the Dolphin stopped in Hawaii to refit, and thus became the first U.S. warship to visit there. While in Honolulu, the crew, along with the whalers in port, were involved in an attack on the home of the "prime minister," Kalanimoku, in a protest against a law forbidding Hawaiian women to visit aboard ships. Percival later faced a court martial for inciting the riot. Howes P-131; Forster 80; Sabin 59186. (#kfk155) $2,250.00

14. [Pinkney, Edward Coote]. Look out upon the Stars My Love. A Serenade. Written by a Gentleman of Baltimore, and adopted to a favourite Air, with an accopmaniment for the piano forte and Spanish guitar, by H[enri] N[oel] Gilles. Baltimore: Published by John Cole [Copyright:January 20th, 1823]. First edition. (#kfk91) $1,200.00

15. [Prohibition]. The Recharged Livewire Prohibition Battle Songs... Compiled and Editied by Dr. J. B. Herbert. Chicago and Philadelphia: The Rodehearver Company, [1916, circa]. Octavo, 62pp. Original printed wraps. Some creasing, very good.
Fully scored sappy songs in favor of "freeing the slaves of rum". (#kfk97) $65.00

16. Pyne, Mable. The Little History of the United States. Illustrated by the Author. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, [1940]. Folio. Original cloth printed in red and blue. Illustrated in color. Spine tips and corners worn, good. Without dustwrapper.
A History for children of the United States starting with Columbus and ending with a highly optimistic look to the future focusing on the recent technological developments in radio and television. (#kfk71) $18.00

17. [Vespucci, Amerigo]: Bandini, Angelo Maria. Vita E Lettere Di Amerigo Vespucci Gentiluomo Fiorentino Raccolte E Illustrate Dall' Abete Angelo Maria Bandini. Firenze [Florence]: Stamperia All' Insegna di Apollo, 1745. Small quarto 227 x 170mm. lxxvi, 128pp. Small engraving on title, folding genealogical chart, one full page engraved plate, woodcut diagram, numerous woodcut tailpieces.Bound without the errata leaf, in contemporary and possibly original pasteboard, lettered in manuscript on spine. Backstrip worn, otherwise a very handsome copy.
First Edition of the first printed life of the great Florentine explorer who gave his name to America. The second part is a complete edition of VespucciÕs own account of his voyages. Described by Sabin as "an elaborate panegyric of Vespucius, in which he is called the Discoverer of America. The researches of later Spanish authors have shown Bandini's dates to be incorrect." "This classic work is much sought after.It can be affirmed that the book's publication inflamed the literary controversy about Vespucci that impassioned the greatest 'Americanists' of ensuing decades. It is an indispensable work, a true landmark in Vespucian studies" - Borba de Moraes. Borba De Moraes, p.59; European Americana 745/218; Palau 23255; Sabin 3149; JCB (1) III:793. (#kfk167) $950.00